Buddhism was founded by Gautama Buddha in the 5th century BC. Sarnath is the sacred land, 10km northeast of Varanasi. The Deer Park in Sarnath is where Gautama Buddha first taught the Dharma, and where the Buddhist Sangha came into existence. Also referred to as Isipatana, this city is mentioned by the Buddha as one of the four places of pilgrimage his devout followers should visit. It was also the site of the Buddha’s Dhammacakkappavattana Sutta, which was his first sermon after attaining enlightenment, in which he explained the four noble truths and the teachings associated with them.
Foot Steps Of Buddha-
Among the Buddhist holy places in India, Sarnath enjoys the same significance as the
Jerusalem for Christians & the Golden Temple for the Sikhs. Sarnath is equally renowned in India and abroad for its religious tradition, art, and relics of Buddha found during archaeological excavations.
FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS-
In Buddhism, the Four Noble Truths (Sanskrit- Chatvari Arya Satyani). The truths are:
- 1- Dukkh, Suffering, incapable of satisfying.
- 2- Samudaya, (origin, arising) of the Dukkha, there is a reason for suffering.
- 3- Nirodha, (Cessation, Ending) of this Dukkha can be attained by renouncement, There are paths, way to end this suffering.
- 4- Marga, (Path, Noble Eightfold Path) is the path leading to the renouncement of tanha.
The Noble Eightfold Path-
(Sanskrit- Aryastangamarga) is an early summary of the path of Buddhist practices leading to liberation from samsara.
The Eightfold Path consists of eight practices;
- 1- Right View
- 2- Right Resolve
- 3- Right Speech
- 4- Right Conduct or Action
- 5- Right Livelihood
- 6- Right Effort
- 7- Right Mindfulness &
- 8- Right Meditation.
PANCHSHEEL OR FIVE PRECEPTS
The Five Precepts (Sanskrit- Panchsila) or five rules of training is the most important system of morality for Buddhist laypeople. They constitute the basic code of ethics to be respected by lay followers of Buddhism.
- 1- The first Precept consists of a prohibition of killing, both humans and all animals.
- 2- The second precept prohibits theft and related activities such as fraud and forgery.
- 3- The third precept refers to adultery in all forms.
- 4- The fourth precept involves falsehood spoken or committed to by action.
- 5- The fifth precept prohibits intoxication through alcohol, drugs or other means.
History & Major Attractions Of Sarnath
Dhamekh Stupa Or Dharmarajika Stupa
The Dhammekh Stupa is very famous in the Buddhist world. This is a solid cylindrical tower, 28.5 m in diameter at the base, and 33.53 m in height. The exact spot where Lord Buddha delivered his first sermon.
Mulgandhkuti Vihar Temple
ARCHEOLOGICAL MUSEUM -
BODHI TREE -
Ashokan Pillar or the lion Capital adopted as the National Emblem of India. It is a masterpiece having a height of 2.35 meters, but the original piece was having a height of 15.35 meters and was surmounted by the famous Lion capital with a crowning Dharmachakra.